Cam-Action Switches The design principle allows the combination of a relatively small number  of basic parts to sat- isfy a wide variety of requirements for selector and control switching in power circuits. The Mechanical Design The switch features a modular design with switching decks (3) stacked with a detent mecha- nism deck (6), a mounting plate (12), and a handle (13). A steel shaft (10)  couples the handle to the operating parts. Two steel securing rods (11)  are used to bolt the whole mecha- nism rigidly together. The basic parts and assemblies are shown below. The Detent Assembly The detent assembly (6) consists of a spring-loaded detent block (7) with a roller coming into contact with a notched detent wheel (8). This detent wheel provides the standard 45° detenting as well as optional 30°, 60°or 90°detenting. The stop arms (9) are located  under the mounting plate. These limit the angular rotation to the desired number and location of positions. The Contact Assembly The contact assembly (3) consists of a rigid thermosetting plastic housing, two sets of stationary contacts (5), and two spring-loaded (16) movable contacts (1) held in cam followers (2). Floating on the shaft and held within the contacting chamber are two independent cams (4). The cams are notched to provide the contact “close” angles desired. The contacts are spring-loaded closed and mechanically opened by the cam action to avoid sticking. The terminal screw (15) and pressure clamp (14) will easily accommodate stranded wire with lugs or solid wire, either with or without lugs, compatible with switch size. Contact Operation The contacting consists simply of shunting two isolated contacts to make a circuit. Two independent sets of contacts are placed  in each deck. The moving portion is spring-loaded to close the contact. A notch on the cam is affixed to the operating shaft allowing the moving contact to spring close, bridging the stationary contacts. The movable contact (1) is spring-loaded (16) and held by the cam follower (2). It makes a circuit with the two stationary contacts (5) when the cam follower enters the notch in the cam (4). Identically, the same thing is happening with the contact set on the right. This circuit is held open by the cam and will close when the notch on the second independent cam is rotated around and comes in proximity  to its cam follower (the second cam notch is illustrated by the dotted lines–the cam is underneath the other one). We show the contacts pictorially to agree with typical detailed schematics  and wiring plans. This simple system makes the switch contact arrangement,  performance and location independent of the switching action required.  The switching action is varied and controlled by the shape of the cams –   allowing a virtually infinite number of combinations using a few standard  parts. This simplicity and flexibility makes it easy for you to design your own switch   – using familiar contact language. You eliminate the worry, long deliveries, high costs, etc. normally associated with special switches. Note: The terminal numbering consists of individual numbers for each terminal for positive identification. CONSTRUCTION DETAILS CAM-ACTION SWITCHES